Healthcare in Sweden

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

The Swedish health care system is mainly government-funded and decentralized, although private health care also exists. The health care system in Sweden is financed primarily through taxes levied by county councils and municipalities.

Management

The reduction in infant mortality between 1960 to 2008 for Sweden in comparison with Ireland, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Sweden’s health care system is organized and managed on three levels: national, regional and local. At the national level, the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs establishes principles and guidelines for care and sets the political agenda for health and medical …

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Healthcare in Hungary

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Hungary has a tax-funded universal healthcare system, organized by the state-owned National Health Insurance Fund (Hungarian: Országos Egészségbiztosítási Pénztár (OEP)). According to the OECD 100% of the total population is covered by universal health insurance,[1] which is absolutely free for children (all people under 16), mothers or fathers with baby,students, pensioners (everyone over 62), people with low income, handicapped people (including physical and mental disorders),[2] priests and other church employees.[3] Health in Hungary can be described with a rapidly increasing life expectancy (7.48 years for men and 4.92 years for women between 1993 and 2013)[4] and a very …

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Healthcare in Greece

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Health care in Greece is provided through national health insurance, although private health care is also an option. According to the 2011 budget, the Greek healthcare system was allocated 6.1 billion euro, or 2.8% of GDP.[1] In a 2000 report by the World Health Organization, the Greek healthcare system was ranked 14th worldwide in the overall assessment, above other countries such asGermany (25) and the United Kingdom (18), while ranking 11th at level of service.[2] However, since July 2011, with the recent austerity measures, unemployed Greeks receive benefits for a maximum of a year, and after that period, …

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Healthcare in Netherlands

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

In 2014 the Netherlands has maintained its number one position at the top of the annual Euro health consumer index(EHCI), which compares healthcare systems in Europe, scoring 898 of a maximum 1,000 points. The most common used ranking of European healthcare systems, the Euro health consumer index, is annually produced by the independent Swedish organization Health Consumer Powerhouse. The Netherlands has been in the top three countries in each report published since 2005. On 48 indicators such as patient rights and information, accessibility, prevention and outcomes, the Netherlands secured its top position among 37 European countries for the …

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Healthcare in Romania

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Romania offers benefits of a universal healthcare system. The state finances primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare. Public health campaigns are independently financed by the Government of Romania. The Ministry of Health of Romania is required to manage and supervise the public healthcare sector. For 2013, the budged allocated for the healthcare sector is US$2.6 billion (8.675.192.000 lei), or roughly 1.7% of the GDP.[1]

The access to healthcare is guaranteed by Article 34 in the Constitution of Romania, which specifies that the state is obliged “to guarantee the sheltering of healthcare”.[2]

Every citizen of Romania is entitled …

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Healthcare in Poland

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Health care in Poland is delivered through a publicly funded health care system, which is free for all the citizens of Poland provided they fall into the “insured” category (usually meaning that they have their health insurance paid for by their employer, or are the spouse or child of an insured person) . However, private healthcare use is very extensive in Poland. Patients who are uninsured have to pay the full cost of medical services. According to Article 68 of the Polish Constitution everyone has a right to have access to health care. Citizens are granted equal access …

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Healthcare in Ukraine

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Demographic decline
Further information: Demographics of Ukraine

Ukraine is considered to be in a demographic crisis due to its high death rate and a low birth rate. The current Ukrainian birth rate is 11 births/1,000 population, and the death rate is 16.3 deaths/1,000 population. A factor contributing to the relatively high death is a high mortality rate among working-age males from preventable causes such as alcohol poisoning and smoking.[1]

In 2008, the country’s population was one of the fastest declining in the world at -5% growth.[2][3] The UN warned that Ukraine’s population could fall by as much as 10 …

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Healthcare in Spain

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, total health spending accounted for 9.4% of GDP in Spain in 2011, slightly above the OECD average of 9.3%. Health spending as a share of GDP is much lower than in the United States (which spent 16.9% of its GDP on health in 2012). The public sector is the main source of health funding in nearly all countries. In Spain, 73% of health spending was funded by public sources in 2011, very close to the average of 72% in OECD countries. Since 2010, real term spending on healthcare has …

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Healthcare in Italy

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

Health care spending in Italy accounted for 9.2% of GDP in 2012 (about $3,200 per capita) of which about 77% is public,[1] slightly lower than the average of 9.3% in OECD countries.[2] In 2000 Italy’s healthcare system was regarded, by World Health Organization’s ranking, as the 2nd best in the world after France,[3] and according to the CIA World factbook, Italy has the world’s 11th highest life expectancy.[4]Thanks to its good healthcare system, the life expectancy at birth in Italy was 82.3 years in 2012, which is over two years above the OECD average.[2]

History

After World War …

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Healthcare in France

Healthcare ‐ September 11, 2015

The French health care system is one of universal health care largely financed by government national health insurance. In its 2000 assessment of world health care systems, the World Health Organization found that France provided the “close to best overall health care” in the world.[1] In 2011, France spent 11.6% of GDP on health care, or US$4,086 per capita,[2] a figure much higher than the average spent by countries in Europe but less than in the US. Approximately 77% of health expenditures are covered by government funded agencies.[3]

Most general physicians are in private practice but draw …

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